Advantage of suppressed non-Langevin recombination in low mobility organic solar cells
Martin Stolterfoht, Bronson Philippa, Ardalan Armin, Ajay K. Pandey, Ronald D. White, Paul L. Burn, Paul Meredith, and Almantas Pivrikas. Applied Physics Letters, doi:10.1063/1.4887316 (2014).
Photovoltaic performance in relation to charge transport is studied in efficient (7.6%) organic solar cells (PTB7:PC71BM). Both electron and hole mobilities are experimentally measured in efficient solar cells using the resistance dependent photovoltage technique, while the inapplicability of classical techniques, such as space charge limited current and photogenerated charge extraction by linearly increasing voltage is discussed. Limits in the short-circuit current originate from optical losses, while charge transport is shown not to be a limiting process. Efficient charge extraction without recombination can be achieved with a mobility of charge carriers much lower than previously expected. The presence of dispersive transport with strongly distributed mobilities in high efficiency solar cells is demonstrated. Reduced non-Langevin recombination is shown to be beneficial for solar cells with imbalanced, low, and dispersive electron and hole mobilities.